130 Dog Breeds

Looking for a dog or want to know what breed you just saw? Here are all the dogs we see in Adelaide. We’ve sorted them by:

Other resources we have for you:

Toy Dog Breeds

Bichon Frise

bichon frise

The Bichon Frise is a small breed of dog having a dense, curly coat with a characteristic fine wave. They make excellent companion dogs of a similar size and temperament to the Miniature Poodle. The Bichon, due to its ancestry as a sailors dog, often enjoys water and retrieving.
Coat: Medium length, silky texture with corkscrew curls
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Gentle, Feisty, Cheerful, Sensitive
Height: 23–30 cm,
Weight: 5–8 kg

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

cavalier king charles

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a very popular family dog due to its open, friendly nature towards people and animals.  It has a silky, smooth coat and feathering on the tail and legs. The breed was created from the King Charles Spaniel in the 20th century to resemble dogs in antique portraits.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Fearless, Adaptable, Sociable, Patient
Height: 30 – 33 cm
Weight: 5.9 – 8.2 kg
Colours: Black & Tan, Tri-colour, Blenheim, Ruby



The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog and is named for a Mexican state where they were kept by the Aztecs. They are excellent small dogs full of personality but their size makes them unsuitable for younger children. Chihuahuas come in a wide variety of sizes, head shapes, colours, and coat lengths.
Temperament: Devoted, Lively, Courageous, Alert, Quick
Origin: Mexico
Height: 15 – 23 cm
Weight: 1.5 – 3 kg
Colours: Black, Chocolate, Fawn, White, Cream, Gold

Chinese Crested Dog

chinese crested

The Chinese Crested Dog comes in two varieties, with and without complete hair coats, which are born in the same litter: the Powder Puff and the Hairless. The skin of the hairless variety can require special care to prevent dryness or sunburn, and a coat would be advisable in winter.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Lively, Happy, Sweet-Tempered, Alert
Origin: China, Mexico, Africa
Height: 28–33 cm
Weight: 2.3–5.4 kg

Griffon Bruxellois

brussels griffon

The Griffon Bruxellois or Brussels Griffon is a breed of toy dog that has become more popular in recent years. The picture shown is not a great example (their bite should be better) but is valuable in showing the coat how it usually is, rather than groomed for showing.
Origin: Belgium
Temperament: Companionable, Watchful, Inquisitive, Alert, Self-important, Sensitive
Weight: 3-4 kg
Colours: Black, Black & Tan, Red, Blue, Brown, Belge



The Havanese, a breed of Bichon type, is the national dog of Cuba. The breed has been growing rapidly in popularity as a good alternative toy breed to the Bichon or Maltese. In the picture is how we usually see them, rather than the high-maintenance show clip.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Companionable, Intelligent, Responsive, Gentle
Coat: Very soft double coat (coat is actually hair, not fur)
Height: 23 – 27 cm
Weight: 4.5 – 7.3 kg

Japanese Chin

japanese chin

The Japanese Chin has always been an important companion breed to Japanese nobility. They are a loyal and affectionate dog with a long, silky coat. While they can be reserved in different situations, early socialisation of puppies leads to a dog that is more outgoing and social.
Temperament: Loyal, Intelligent, Loving, Alert, Cat-like
Height: 20 – 27 cm
Weight: 1.4 – 4 kg
Colours: Tri-colour, Sable & White, Lemon & White, Black & White, Red & White



The Löwchen’s or Little Lion Dog’s long and wavy coat is presented in a lion cut for showing. This means that the haunches, back legs, front legs and part of the tail are shaved, and the rest of the coat is left natural to give the dog the appearance of a male lion. Of course, most just look like the photograph for practical reasons.
Temperament: Playful, Intelligent, Happy, Friendly, Active, Familial
Origin: Germany, France
Height: 33–36 cm
Weight: 4–8 kg

Miniature Pinscher

miniature pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a tiny and finely built relative of the larger German Pinscher. Pinschers and Dobermans share a characteristic black and tan coat pattern. Min Pins are active and social dogs, and can be fearless despite their size if socialised early and well.
Origin: Germany
Temperament: Playful, Outgoing, Responsive, Friendly, Energetic, Clever
Height: 25–30 cm
Weight: 4–5 kg
Colours: Stag Red, Black & Tan, Chocolate & Rust, Red, Black & Rust, Chocolate & Tan


maltese dog

The Maltese descends from dogs originating in the Central Mediterranean Area, especially the island nation of Malta. They are a classic companion dog at their best when able to be around a favourite person. Their long coat does not shed but requires frequent clipping and is rarely kept at the show standard length for practical reasons.
Origin: Mediterranean Basin
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Lively, Docile
Height: 21–25 cm
Weight: 3–4 kg


papillon dog

The Papillon, also called the Continental Toy Spaniel, is a breed of dog of the Spaniel type. One of the oldest of the toy spaniels, it derives its name from its characteristic butterfly-like look of the long and fringed hair on the ears, the French word for butterfly being papillon.
Temperament: Intelligent, Happy, Friendly, Energetic, Alert, Hardy
Height: 20 – 28 cm
Weight: 3 – 4.5 kg
Colours: White, Black & White, Brown & White, Red & White, Fawn & White, Sable


pekingese dog

The Pekingese was favoured by royalty of the Chinese Imperial court as both a lap dog and companion dog, and its name refers to the city of Peking (Beijing). Like all brachycephalic breeds, they are prone to heat stress and eye and upper airway problems. Many Pekes we see are kept with a short coat for practical reasons.
Temperament: Affectionate, Stubborn, Intelligent, Opinionated, Good-natured
Origin: China
Height: 15 – 23 cm
Weight: 3.2 – 6.5 kg

Tibetan Spaniel

tibetan spaniel

The Tibetan Spaniel is a breed of assertive, small, intelligent dogs originating over 2,500 years ago in the Himalayan mountains of Tibet. They share ancestry with the Pekingese, Japanese Chin, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Tibetan Terrier and Pug. The breed is not a true spaniel but instead is a toy breed with a high affinity for humans.
Height: 25 cm
Weight: 4.1 – 6.8 kg
Temperament: Intelligent, Happy, Wilful, Assertive, Aloof, Independent
Colours: Black, White, Black & Tan, Cream, Red, Gold, Sable

Yorkshire Terrier

yorkshire terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a tiny breed developed during the 19th century in Yorkshire, England, to catch rats in clothing mills. Like the larger Silky Terrier, their long soft coat requires regular brushing. They are full of energy and curiosity but are possibly more timid and in need of human contact than other terriers.
Origin: England
Temperament: Bold, Intelligent, Courageous, Confident, Independent
Height: 17 cm
Weight: 2-4 kg
Colours: Black & Tan, Blue & Tan, Black & Gold, Blue & Gold

See also the Pomeranian, under Spitz breeds.

Terriers & Schnauzers

Airedale Terrier

airedale terrier

The Airedale Terrier is the largest of the terriers and originated in the valley of the River Aire, in Yorkshire. It has a medium length wiry coat which many owners happily manage without hand-stripping. Airedales share the same determination and vigour as their smaller terrier cousins.
Temperament: Outgoing, Intelligent, Courageous, Friendly, Alert, Confident
Height: 58–61 cm
Weight: 21 kg
Colour: Black or Grizzle and Tan
Origin: United Kingdom, England

American Staffordshire Terrier

american staffordshire

The American Staffordshire Terrier or Amstaff is a medium-sized, short-coated breed very popular in Australia. They are larger and more powerful than the English Staffy but are just as friendly with people. Amstaffs get unfairly labelled as pit bulls but the only problem we see is fighting if two or more are kept together.
Coat: Smooth
Temperament: Devoted, Loyal, Courageous, Friendly, Tenacious, Attentive
Height: 46–48 cm
Weight: 28–40 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, Fawn, Blue, Brown, Sable

Australian Silky Terrier

australian silky terrier

The Australian Silky Terrier is a smaller, more affectionate terrier with a longer, finer coat than the Australian Terrier. The breed was popularised after WWII when dogs were taken back to the US by returning servicemen. They are an active and alert dog and may do better in apartments than other terriers if given daily exercise.
Temperament: Responsive, Friendly, Inquisitive, Alert, Quick, Joyful
Height: 23 – 26 cm
Weight: 4-6 kg
Origin: Australia
Colours: Black & Tan, Blue & Tan, Silver & Tan, Silver Black & Tan, Grey & Tan

Australian Terrier

Australian Terrier

The Australian Terrier is a small breed of dog of the terrier dog type. The breed was developed in Australia, although the ancestral types of dogs from which the breed descends were from Great Britain.
Temperament: Companionable, Loyal, Courageous, Spirited, Alert, Even Tempered
Height: 23–28 cm
Weight: 6.4–7.3 kg
Colours: Blue & Tan, Red, Sand

Bedlington Terrier

Bedlington Terrier

The Bedlington Terrier is a breed of small dog named after the mining town of Bedlington, in North East England. Its show clip has a distinctive topknot which requires a little more maintenance. Bedlingtons appear to be quieter and more thoughtful than other terriers.
Temperament: Affectionate, Intelligent, Spirited, Good-tempered
Origin: United Kingdom, England
Height: 41–44 cm
Weight: 9 kg
Colours: Liver, Blue & Tan, Liver & Tan, Blue, Sandy, Sandy & Tan

Border Terrier

border terrier

The Border Terrier is a small, long-legged, rough-coated breed of dog bred as a fox and vermin hunter. They are a hardy, independent breed who are usually shown with their harsh coat hand-stripped. Andrew owns one and never strips his coat!
Temperament: Affectionate, Obedient, Fearless, Intelligent, Alert, Even Tempered
Height: 33–40 cm
Weight: 5.9–7.1 kg
Origin: United Kingdom, England, Scotland
Colours: Blue & Tan, Red, Grizzle & Tan, Wheaten

Bull Terrier

bull terrier

The Bull Terrier’s most recognisable feature is its head, described as ‘egg-shaped’ when viewed from the front; the top of the skull is almost flat. Despite their fearsome appearance, they are usually friendly, happy-go-lucky dogs. There is also a miniature version of this breed which is officially known as the Miniature Bull Terrier.
Origin: England
Temperament: Trainable, Keen, Protective, Sweet-Tempered, Active
Height: 45 – 55 cm
Weight: 22 – 38 kg
Colours: White, Tri-colour, Brindle & White, Red & White, Fawn & White, White & Black Brindle

Cairn Terrier

cairn terrier

The Cairn Terrier is one of the oldest of the terrier breeds, originating in the Scottish Highlands. Cairns are plucky, active dogs much like their most famous mascot, Toto from The Wizard Of Oz. Despite what you hear, their wiry coat can happily be left unstripped in its natural scruffy state.
Temperament: Fearless, Intelligent, Assertive, Active, Hardy
Weight: 6–8 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, Cream, Red, Wheaten, Grey

Smooth Fox Terrier

fox terrier

The Smooth Fox Terrier, though not a common breed today, was one of the most popular dog breeds in Australia only two generations ago. It is thought to be the ancestor of many other breeds and is easily recognised by its long, broad nose. Foxies seem a quieter and more thoughtful terrier than most.
Origin: England
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Fearless, Intelligent, Alert, Active
Height: 36–41 cm
Weight: 7–9 kg

Irish Terrier

irish terrier

The Irish Terrier is generally seen with its distinctive red, wiry coat. It is a taller terrier and like all this group requires physical and mental stimulation on a daily basis for good health. If managed well, Irish Terriers make excellent, active and entertaining pets still capable of being settled at home.
Origin: Ireland
Weight: 11 – 14 kg
Temperament: Lively, Trainable, Intelligent, Protective, Respectful
Colors: Red, Red Wheaten, Wheaten

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier

The Jack Russell Terrier is a sturdy, tough and tenacious small terrier that has its origins in vermin hunting. They tend to be extremely intelligent, athletic, fearless, and vocal dogs, and have a tendency to create their own fun if forced to entertain themselves. Jack Russells are great dogs for the owner who wants an active and interesting dog and is prepared to work for it!
Height: 25 – 38 cm
Weight: 6.4 – 8.2 kg
Origin: England
Temperament: Stubborn, Fearless, Intelligent, Energetic, Athletic, Vocal
Colours: White, Black & White, White & Tan

Kerry Blue Terrier

kerry blue terrier

The Kerry Blue Terrier is a breed of dog. Originally bred to control vermin including rats, rabbits, badgers, foxes, otters and hares, over time the Kerry became a general working dog used for a  variety of jobs including herding cattle and sheep, and as a guard dog. Today the Kerry has spread around the world as a companion and working dog.
Temperament: Affectionate, Strong Willed, Loyal, Gentle, Spirited, Alert
Height: 46–51 cm
Weight: 15–18 kg
Colours: Black, Silver, Blue, Blue & Black, Slate Blue, Grey
Photo: Bjørn Erling Løken

Lakeland Terrier

lakeland terrier

The Lakeland Terrier is a dog breed, which takes its name from its place of origin, the Lake District in England. The dog is a small to mid-sized member of the Terrier family.
Temperament: Bold, Intelligent, Trainable, Friendly, Confident, Independent
Height: 33 – 38 cm
Weight: 7 – 8 kg
Colours: Black, Black & Tan, Red, Grizzle & Tan, Blue, Wheaten

Miniature Schnauzer

miniature schnauzer

The Miniature Schnauzer is a small terrier-type dog with a unique set of eyebrows, moustache and beard.  The breed remains one of the most popular worldwide, primarily for its temperament and relatively small size. Of note is their fondness for barking, which can be managed with early socialisation and training.
Temperament: Obedient, Fearless, Intelligent, Friendly, Spirited, Alert
Height: 30–36 cm
Weight: 5.4–9.1 kg
Colours: Black, White, Black & Silver, Salt & Pepper

Norfolk Terrier

norfolk terrier

The Norfolk Terrier is a classic small terrier of English origin, similar to the Norwich Terrier. They are one of the smaller and quieter terriers, much like a smaller Border Terrier in looks and personality.
Temperament: Self-confidence, Fearless, Companionable, Happy, Spirited, Loveable
Height: 23 – 25 cm.
Weight: 5 – 6 kg
Colours: Black & Tan, Red, Wheaten, Grizzle

Standard Schnauzer

schnauzer standard

The Standard Schnauzer (or just ‘Schnauzer’) is a robust, medium-sized dog adapted to a variety of uses. They have an easy-going temperament and make good family pets. Schnauzers are famous for their well-developed beard and moustache and the striking salt-and-pepper coat variety.
Origin: Germany
Temperament: Playful, Lively, Devoted, Trainable, Intelligent, Good-natured
Height: 47–50 cm
Weight: 14–20 kg
Colors: Black, Salt & Pepper

Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier

softcoated wheaten terrier

The Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier is a larger terrier originating from Ireland with a long silky coat. They appear less excitable than other terriers while still retaining the group’s verve and vigour. Terriers in general have a strong prey drive and are less suited to living with other species of pets.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Intelligent, Faithful, Energetic, Spirited
Height: 46–48 cm
Weight: 16–18 kg
Colour: Wheaten

Tenterfield Terrier

Tenterfield Terrier

Australian in development, the forebears of the Tenterfield Terrier accompanied British settlers en route to Australia by ship. The forebears of these small dogs had been bred by hunters in Britain, typically for ratting. Affectionate and loyal companion animals and family pets. Intelligent, athletic and expressive.
Temperament: Bold, Fearless, Loyal, Alert, Eager, Confident, Outgoing
Origin: Australia
Weight: 4-6 kg
Colours: Black & white tricolour, black & white, tan & white,  liver & white, liver & white tricolour, blue & white, blue & white tricolour.

Scottish Terrier

scottish terrier

The Scottish Terrier, popularly called the Scottie, is an independent and rugged breed with a wiry outer coat and a soft dense undercoat. They have a characteristic long muzzle and a long undercoat. Like most terriers, they are a feisty and fearless dog with a loveable personality.
Temperament: Playful, Self-assured, Feisty, Alert, Quick, Independent
Height: 25–28 cm
Weight: 8.5–10 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, Wheaten

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

english staffordshire terrier

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is often confused with the larger American Staffordshire Terrier but is a much smaller dog. It is also less independent and has the temperament of an active companion dog. Staffies are very rarely aggressive despite the mislabelling of them as pit bulls.
Origin: England
Temperament: Affectionate, Bold, Fearless, Loyal, Intelligent, Courageous, Reliable
Height: 36–41 cm
Weight: 11–17 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, Fawn, Black & White, Red, Blue

West Highland White Terrier

west highland white

The West Highland White Terrier is a small, active dog from Scotland with a distinctive white fluffy coat. They have one of the cutest faces of any dog and a fun personality for those wanting an excitable breed. When choosing Westies, ask about skin disease in the parents.
Temperament: Courageous, Friendly, Alert, Active, Hardy, Independent
Weight: 7–10 kg

Wire Fox Terrier

wire haired foxterrier

The Wire Fox Terrier is an enthusiastic and energetic breed with a loveably scruffy coat (why on earth do people hand-strip it?). Although it bears a resemblance to the Smooth Fox Terrier, the two breeds are believed to have developed separately. Snowy (Milou) from the Tintin adventures is probably the most famous Wire Fox Terrier.
Origin: England
Temperament: Bold, Fearless, Keen, Friendly, Alert, Quick
Height: 36–41 cm
Weight: 7–9 kg

Thick-coated Breeds

Akita Inu (Japanese Akita)

brindle japanese akita

The Akita Inu originates from the mountainous northern regions of Japan. In Australia, there are two breeds recognised: the Akita, which derives from dogs brought back to the USA after World War 2, and the Akita (Japanese). Both dogs have a thick coat, large size, regal bearing and strong personality. Japanese Akitas are known for their playful, friendly nature.
Origin: Japan
Temperament: Docile, Courageous, Responsive, Faithful, Friendly, Receptive, Alert, Dignified, Composed
Height: Jap: 64–70 cm, US: 66–71 cm
Weight: Jap: 34–54 kg, US: 45–59 kg
Colours: Brindle, White, Fawn, Red Fawn, Red, Sesame, Pinto

Alaskan Malamute

alaskan malamute

The Alaskan Malamute was originally bred for hauling heavy freight, and later as a sled dog in the Arctic. Like other Northern breeds such as the smaller Siberian Husky, it has a very thick double coat which can be clipped off for summer. Malamutes are very affectionate with people but may not be best around cats or rabbits.
Origin: United States of America
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Devoted, Loyal, Friendly, Dignified
Height: 61–66 cm
Weight: 36–43 kg
Colours: Sable & White, Black & White, Brown & White, Red & White, Seal & White, Grey & White

Chow Chow

chow chow

The Chow Chow is an ancient dog breed originally from northern China, where it is referred to as Songshi Quan, which means “puffy-lion dog”. The breed is known for a very dense double coat, straight hind legs and its characteristic blue tongue.
Origin: China
Temperament: Loyal, Aloof, Quiet, Independent
Height: 48–56 cm
Weight: 25–32 kg
Colours: Black, Blue, Fawn, Cream, Red

Finnish Lapphund

finnish lapphund

The Finnish Lapphund is a hardy, easy going, medium-size breed of the Spitz family. Traditionally it has been used for herding reindeer, and therefore its coat provides extremely good cold protection. While still rare, we are starting to see more and more of this charming breed in Adelaide.
Temperament: Courageous, Keen, Faithful, Friendly, Calm
Height: Female: 41–47 cm, Male: 46–52 cm
Weight: 15–24 kg
Colours: Black, White, Wolf-Sable, Red, Brown, Sable

Finnish Spitz

finnish spitz

The Finnish Spitz was originally bred to hunt all types of game from squirrels and other rodents to bears. It would alert the hunter by barking at its preys location- you have been warned! That being said, the dogs we see are happy, active and plucky without major problems.
Temperament: Playful, Loyal, Intelligent, Happy, Vocal, Independent
Height: 44–50 cm
Weight: 12–14 kg
Colours: Red, Red Gold, Gold

Japanese Spitz

japanese spitz

The Japanese Spitz is a small to medium breed of dog of the Spitz type. The Japanese Spitz is a very lively companion dog and pet.
Origin: Japan
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Obedient, Companionable, Intelligent, Proud
Height: 30 – 38 cm
Weight: 8 kg
Colour: White



The Keeshond (case-ond in Australia) is a medium-sized dog carrying a plush two-layer coat of silver and black fur with a ruff and a curled tail. Despite the myth, shaving their dense coat for summer will not prevent full regrowth and will improve comfort considerably. Keeshonds are also known as the Dutch Barge Dog and are a member of the Spitz family.
Temperament: Playful, Obedient, Agile, Bright, Quick, Sturdy
Height: 43 – 46 cm
Weight: 17 – 23 kg
Origin: Germany, Netherlands
Colours: Black, Black & Silver, Silver, Grey Cream & Black, Grey & Black, Grey

Norwegian Elkhound

norwegian elkhound

The Norwegian Elkhound is one of the ancient Northern Spitz-type breeds of dog and is the National Dog of Norway. The Elkhound has served as a hunter, guardian, herder, and defender.
Temperament: Playful, Bold, Strong Willed, Loyal, Alert, Hardy
Height: 48 – 51 cm.
Weight: 20 – 25 kg
Origin: Norway
Colours: Silver, Grey



The Pomeranian is the smallest and the most popular member of the Spitz group and is named for the Pomerania region in Central Europe. The breed has a luxurious thick coat that requires some brushing or can be clipped off in summer for comfort. Poms have a confident, outgoing personality despite their small size.
Temperament: Playful, Intelligent, Friendly, Sociable, Active, Extroverted
Height: 20cm
Weight: 3-4 kg
Colours: White, Black, Grey-shaded, Tan, Brown, Orange
Origin: Germany, Poland



The Schipperke in its home country of Belgium is considered a small shepherd. It is a naturally curious and active small dog with a thick double coat. Schipperkes are unique and loveable dogs for owners wanting a high-energy breed.
Temperament: Fearless, Agile, Faithful, Curious, Confident, Independent
Height: 28–33 cm
Weight: 3–9 kg
Colours: Chocolate, Black, Apricot, Black & Tan, Cream, Blue


samoyed dog

The Samoyed is a large breed of herding dog, from the Spitz group, with a thick, white, double-layer coat (see pictures of a shaved Samoyed here). It takes its name from the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia, who used them to pull sleds. Today the Samoyed is a friendly dog who guards well but needs protection against summer heat.
Temperament: Playful, Stubborn, Lively, Friendly, Alert, Sociable
Height: 53–60 cm
Weight: 20–30 kg
Colours: White, Cream, White & Biscuit

Shiba Inu

shiba inu

The Shiba Inu is the smallest of the six original and distinct spitz breeds of dog from Japan. A small, agile dog that copes very well with mountainous terrain, the Shiba Inu was originally bred for hunting.
Temperament: Charming, Fearless, Keen, Faithful, Alert, Confident
Height: 35–43 cm
Weight: 8–12 kg
Colours: Red Sesame, Black & Tan, Red, Sesame, Black Sesame

Siberian Husky

siberian husky

The Siberian Husky is originally a hunting and sled dog from north-eastern Siberia.  Like the larger Malamute, it has a thickly furred double coat, erect triangular ears, and distinctive markings. In Australian summers they are best either be kept inside or clipped short for comfort.
Temperament: Outgoing, Intelligent, Gentle, Friendly, Alert
Height: 54–60 cm
Weight: 20–27 kg
Colours: White, Black, Agouti, Piebald, Black & Tan, Splash, Black & White, Red, Silver, Copper, Brown, Grey, Sable

Large & Giant Breeds

Bernese Mountain Dog

bernese mountain dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog, called in German the Berner Sennenhund, is a large-sized breed of dog, one of the four breeds of Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps. Bernese, though outdoor dogs at heart, do well in the house as long as they get plenty of walking exercise.
Origin: Switzerland
Temperament: Affectionate, Loyal, Intelligent, Faithful
Height: 64–70 cm
Weight: 39–50 kg

Bouvier des Flandres

bouvier des flandres

The Bouvier des Flandres is a powerfully built, compact, rough-coated dog breed originating in Flanders. They were originally used for general farm work including cattle droving, sheep herding, and cart pulling, and nowadays as guard dogs and police dogs, as well as being kept as pets. A male trained as a trench dog in the First World War, is considered to be the founder of the early Bouvier des Flandres breed.
Height: Female: 59–65 cm, Male: 62–68 cm
Temperament: Loyal, Intelligent, Protective, Gentle, Familial, Rational
Weight: 35–40 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, Fawn, Salt & Pepper, Black & Brown, Grey



The Bullmastiff is a large-sized breed of domestic dog, with a solid build and a short muzzle. The Bullmastiff was bred from the old Bulldog type and Mastiff breeds to be used by 19th-century gamekeepers to guard estates against poachers. Bullmastiffs are strong, powerful, but sensitive dogs.
Origin: United Kingdom
Temperament: Devoted, Docile, Loyal, Courageous, Reserved, Protective, Loving, Reliable, Alert, Calm, Powerful
Height: 64–68 cm
Weight: 50–59 kg
Colours: Brindle, Fawn, Red

Cane Corso

cane corso

The Cane Corso, pronounced kha-neh kor-so from Italian cane and latin cohors or from coorte also known as the Italian Mastiff, is a large Italian breed of dog, for years valued highly in Italy as a companion, guard dog, and hunter.
Origin: Italy
Temperament: Trainable, Reserved, Stable, Quiet, Even Tempered, Calm
Height: 62–70 cm
Weight: 45–60 kg
Colours: Black, Fawn, Black Brindle, Red, Chestnut Brindle, Grey

Dogue de Bordeaux

french mastiff

The Dogue de Bordeaux or French Mastiff is one of the most ancient French dog breeds. Some claim it to have the largest head in the canine world, in proportion to the rest of the body. Whether it’s true or not, this is one big, happy, drooly dog.
Origin: France
Temperament: Devoted, Companionable, Loyal, Courageous, Vigilant, Even Tempered
Weight: 50–65 kg
Height: 60–67 cm
Colours: Fawn, Mahogany, Red

English Mastiff

english mastiff

The English Mastiff is a breed of extremely large dog perhaps descended from the ancient Alaunt and Pugnaces Britanniae, with a significant input from the Alpine Mastiff in the 19th century.  Distinguishable by enormous size, massive head, and a limited range of colours, but always displaying a black mask, the Mastiff is noted for its gentle and loving nature.
Origin: England
Temperament: Affectionate, Courageous, Protective, Good-natured, Dignified, Calm
Height: 70–91 cm
Weight: 73–90 kg
Colours: Brindle, Fawn, Apricot

Great Dane

great dane

The Great Dane is known for its giant size; all owners need to get used to constant remarks about horses when out walking.  The Great Dane is one of the tallest dog breeds but is also one of the most placid.
Origin: Germany
Temperament: Devoted, Reserved, Loving, Gentle, Friendly, Confident
Height: 76–86 cm
Weight: 54–90 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, Fawn, Mantle, Blue, Harlequin
Read our blog about Great Dane health here

Irish Wolfhound

irish wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhound is a huge sighthound from Ireland, originally bred to hunt wolves. Nowadays it is hard to imagine this placid and friendly breed doing harm to anything.
Temperament: Loyal, Sweet-Tempered, Generous, Dignified, Patient, Thoughtful
Origin: Belgium, Ireland
Weight: 45-55 kg
Colours: Black, White, Brindle, Fawn, Red, Grey


newfoundland dog

The Newfoundland dog is a large working dog with a similar ancestry to Mastiffs and Labradors originally from north-west Canada. They are a large, good-natured dog with a thick coat and are said to be good swimmers.
Temperament: Trainable, Gentle, Sweet-Tempered
Height: 69–74 cm
Weight: 60–70 kg
Colours: Black, Black & White, Brown, Grey
Origin: Canada, England

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

pyrenean mountain dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog, known as the Great Pyrenees in North America, is a large breed of dog used as a livestock guardian dog. It should not be confused with the Pyrenean Mastiff. As you can see, it unusually has dewclaws on its back legs, something considered an abnormality in other breeds.
Temperament: Affectionate, Strong Willed, Fearless, Gentle, Confident, Patient
Height: 70–82 cm
Weight: 48–54 kg
Colours: White, Red, Tan, Grey



The Rottweiler was originally used in Germany to herd livestock and pull carts. This continued until the mid-19th century when railways caused droving to be replaced with herding. Despite their fearsome reputation, we see them as attentive and placid dogs who do well with training. Rottweilers are often used as search and rescue dogs, as guide dogs for the blind, as guard dogs and police dogs.
Origin: Germany
Temperament: Devoted, Obedient, Fearless, Courageous, Self-assured, Alert, Good-natured, Confident, Calm, Steady
Weight: 40–60 kg
Height: 60–69 cm
Colours: Black, Mahogany, Tan

St Bernard

st bernard dog

The St Bernard is a breed of very large working dog from the western Alps in Switzerland, Italy and France. Originally it had farming, hunting and rescue functions, and never carried a cask of brandy! Early St Bernards were very different from the massive breed of today, which holds our clinic record for the heaviest dog.
Temperament: Lively, Gentle, Friendly, Watchful, Calm
Height: 70–90 cm
Weight: 64 – 100 kg
Origin: Switzerland, Italy
Colours: Red & White, Reddish-brown Brindle, Reddish-brown Splash, Reddish-brown Mantle, Brownish-yellow


Afghan Hound

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is a long-haired relative of the greyhound that is distinguished by its thick, fine, silky coat. The breed was selectively bred for its unique features in the cold mountains of Afghanistan. Like all sighthounds, it was bred for lure coursing and so may not be best around cats or rabbits.
Temperament: Happy, Clownish, Aloof, Dignified, Independent
Colours: Black, Cream, Red
Origin: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran
Height: 68–74 cm
Weight: 27kg



The Basenji was bred from hunting dogs that originated in central Africa. They are known for their unique yodel-like sound and (like the Dingo) only coming into season once a year. Basenjis are alert, energetic, curious and often reserved with strangers.
Origin: The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Intelligent, Energetic, Curious, Alert
Height: 41–43 cm
Weight: 10 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, Tricolour, Black & White, Red, Tan

Basset Hound

basset hounds

The Basset Hound is an unmistakeable short-legged, long-bodied, long-eared large dog. The Basset is a scent hound that was originally bred for the purpose of hunting hare. Their classic wiener-dog shape is due to chondrodystrophy which also causes their higher risk of spinal disc problems, especially if overweight.
Temperament: Affectionate, Devoted, Gentle, Friendly, Sweet-Tempered, Tenacious
Height: 30–38 cm
Weight: 22-27 kg
Colours: Tri-colour, Lemon & White, Black & White, Brown & White, Red & White, Black & Brown



The Beagle is a breed of small-sized hound, similar in appearance to the much larger foxhound. They are social, active and generally good with other dogs. The Beagle is a scent hound, developed primarily for hunting hare and loves nothing more than to follow a scent trail wherever it leads!
Temperament: Even Tempered, Intelligent, Excitable, Determined, Amiable, Gentle
Height: 36–41 cm
Weight: 10–13 kg
Colours: Lemon & White, Tri-colour, Brown & White, Red & White, White & Tan, Chocolate Tri, Orange & White
Origin: United Kingdom, England, Great Britain



The Borzoi is descended from dogs brought to Russia from central Asian countries. It is like a long-haired greyhound and is also a member of the sighthound family. Borzáya sobáka (fast dog) is the basic term used by Russians, though sobáka is usually dropped.
Height: Female: 66 cm (Adult, At Shoulder)
Temperament: Intelligent, Respectful, Gentle, Athletic, Quiet, Independent
Origin: Russia, Belarus
Weight: 34–47 kg
Colours: Black, White, Brindle, Fawn, Cream, Red


standard dachshund

This standard size Dachshund was developed to scent, chase, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals but makes an excellent and fun pet. Their classic wiener-dog shape is due to chondrodystrophy which also causes their higher risk of spinal disc problems, especially if overweight or allowed on furniture. There are three dachshund coat varieties: smooth coat (short hair), longhaired, and wirehaired.
Temperament: Playful, Devoted, Stubborn, Lively, Courageous, Clever
Weight: 7.3 – 15 kg (Standard Size)
Origin: Germany
Colours: Black, Chocolate, Black & Tan, Cream, Red, Chocolate & Cream, Blue, Tan



The Greyhound is an ancient sighthound which has been bred for coursing game and racing. Since the rise in large-scale adoption of retired racing Greyhounds, the breed has seen a resurgence in popularity as a family pet. In the home, they are quiet and inactive, but benefit from a run when possible.
Speed: 70 km/h (Maximum, Race speed)
Temperament: Affectionate, Intelligent, Gentle, Athletic, Quiet, Even Tempered
Height: Male: 71–76 cm, Female: 68–71 cm
Weight: Male: 27–40 kg, Female: 26–34 kg
Origin: England, British Isles

Italian Greyhound

italian greyhound

The Italian Greyhound is the smallest sighthound, which resembles a miniature Greyhound. They are at the same time both naturally elegant and playful and affectionate. Italian Greyhounds are healthy, active dogs whose only common fault is a high rate of leg fractures in young dogs.
Temperament: Affectionate, Companionable, Intelligent, Agile, Athletic, Mischievous
Height: 33 – 38 cm
Weight: 3.6 – 5 kg
Colours: Chocolate, Black, Fawn, Red Fawn, Red, Blue Fawn, Slate Grey, Blue, Tan, Yellow, Grey, Sable

Miniature Dachshund

miniature dachshund

The Miniature Dachshund breed was developed in Germany and has existed since at least the 16th century. Their classic wiener-dog shape is due to chondrodystrophy which also causes their higher risk of spinal disc problems, especially if overweight or allowed on furniture. There are three dachshund coat varieties: smooth coat (short hair), longhaired, and wirehaired.
Height: 12–18 cm
Weight: 3.5–5 kg

Rhodesian Ridgeback

rhodesian ridgeback

The Rhodesian Ridgeback can be traced to the early pioneers of the Cape Colony of southern Africa, who crossed their dogs with the semi-domesticated, ridged hunting dogs of the Khoikhoi. It was renowned for its ability to keep a lion at bay while awaiting its master’s arrival to make the kill. Nowadays you’re more likely to find them keeping a couch warm awaiting their masters arrival.
Temperament: Strong Willed, Loyal, Intelligent, Mischievous, Dignified, Sensitive
Height: 63–69 cm
Weight: 35–45 kg
Colours: Red Wheaten, Wheaten, Light Wheaten



The Saluki, also known as Persian Greyhound, is an ancient breed from the middle east, where it was used for hunting. They are quiet and reserved, but like most dogs can be very outgoing if socialised well. The Saluki is classed as a sighthound and is typically deep-chested and long-legged, with silky ears and tail.
Temperament: Intelligent, Reserved, Aloof, Quiet
Height: 58 – 71 cm
Weight: 25 kg
Speed: 69 km/h (Maximum, Adult)
Origin: Middle East
Colours: White, Fawn, Cream, Red, Tan, Gold



The Whippet is a small sighthound breed that originated in England, where they descended from greyhounds. They have been used for racing and coursing events, and love a good run. Whippets are loyal, quiet and dependable dogs.
Temperament: Affectionate, Lively, Intelligent, Gentle, Friendly, Quiet
Speed: 56 km/h (Maximum, Adult, Running)
Height: 48–56 cm
Weight: 6.8 – 14 kg
Colours: Black, Brindle, White, Fawn, Red, Blue

Gun Dogs, Pinschers, Dalmatian

American Cocker Spaniel

American cocker spaniel

The American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel breeds diverged during the 20th century due to differing breed standards in America and the UK. They are usually smaller and have a shorter muzzle than the English Cockers whose head is more setter-like. American Cockers are active, social dogs who depend on human company.
Origin: United States of America
Temperament: Outgoing, Trusting, Even Tempered, Sociable, Merry, Joyful
Height: 37–39 cm
Weight: 10–14 kg
Colours: Black, Tri-colour, Red, Silver, Tan, Brown, White & Buff


brittany dog

The Brittany is a breed of gun dog bred primarily for bird hunting. Although it is often referred to as a Spaniel, the breed is more like a small pointer or setter. They are a healthy, easy-going, athletic dog.
Coat: Medium length, flowing
Temperament: Intelligent, Adaptable, Happy, Agile, Attentive, Quick
Height: 47–52 cm
Weight: 14–18 kg
Colours: Piebald, Roan, Tricolour, Black & White, Liver & White, Orange & White

Clumber Spaniel

clumber spaniel

The Clumber Spaniel is a breed of dog of the spaniel type, developed in the United Kingdom. It is the largest of the spaniels and comes in predominantly white with either lemon or orange markings.
Origin: England
Temperament: Affectionate, Loyal, Gentle, Dignified, Calm, Great-hearted
Height: 46–51 cm
Weight: 27–32 kg
Colours: White, Lemon & White, Orange & White

Cocker Spaniel

cocker spaniel

The English Cocker Spaniel was originally bred as a gun dog in the United Kingdom, with the term cocker deriving from their use to hunt woodcock. They are active, good-natured, and extremely popular pets. There is also a similar American variety.
Temperament: Trainable, Playful, Affectionate, Faithful, Friendly, Quiet
Height: 38–43 cm
Weight: 13–16 kg
Colours: Black, Orange Roan, Black & Tan, Liver Roan, Liver & Tan, more

Curly Coated Retriever

curly coated retriever

The Curly Coated Retriever is a breed of dog originally bred in England for upland bird and waterfowl hunting. It is the tallest of the retrievers and is easily distinguishable by the mass of tight curls covering its body.
Temperament: Lively, Intelligent, Trainable, Sensitive, Clever, Independent
Height: 64–69 cm
Weight: 32–41 kg
Colours: Black, Liver
Image by Mattias Agar (Flickr: “Look smart!”) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons


dalmatian dog

The Dalmatian is noted for its unique black or liver spotted coat, that develops early in a puppy’s life. They are famous as carriage dogs, firehouse dogs and a certain Disney movie. However, unlike the fiction, Dalmatians suit a person able to cater for their high exercise needs.
Temperament: Playful, Outgoing, Intelligent, Friendly, Energetic, Active, Sensitive
Height: 58–61 cm
Weight: 23–32 kg
Colours: Black & White, Liver & White

Doberman Pinschers

doberman pinscher

Doberman Pinschers are well known as intelligent, alert, and tenaciously loyal companions and guard dogs. However, despite being stereotyped as ferocious and aggressive, Australian dobies are generally easy-going and even a bit silly at times. The picture shows a red colour, but black and tan is by far the most common colour.
Origin: Germany
Temperament: Obedient, Fearless, Loyal, Intelligent, Energetic, Alert
Height: 66–72 cm
Weight: 34–45 kg
Colours: White, Black, Fawn, Red, Blue, Black & Rust, Red & Rust, Blue & Rust, Fawn & Rust

English Setter

english setter head

The English Setter is known for its finely flecked coat (called belton) and long silky feathering. Like all setters, they have a fine friendly personality and a desire for exercise and training.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Strong Willed, Companionable
Origin: England, Wales
Length: Male: 69 cm
Weight: 26 kg
Colours: Tri-colour, Blue Belton, Lemon Belton, Orange Belton, Liver Belton, Chestnut Belton

Flat-Coated Retriever

flat coated retriever

The Flat-Coated Retriever is a gundog breed originating from the United Kingdom. It was developed as a retriever both on land and in the water. The look a little like a Golden Retriever with a flatter head, and even share their exuberant attitude to life.
Origin: United Kingdom
Temperament: Devoted, Outgoing, Friendly, Confident, Optimistic
Height: 59–62 cm
Weight: 27–36 kg
Colours: Black, Liver

German Pinscher

german pinscher

The German Pinscher is a medium-sized breed of dog, a Pinscher type that originated in Germany. The breed is included in the origins of the Dobermann, the Rottweiler, the Miniature Pinscher, the Affenpinscher, the Standard Schnauzer.
Temperament: Even Tempered, Lively, Intelligent, Loving, Spirited, Familial
Height: 43 – 51 cm
Weight: 14 – 20 kg
Origin: Germany
Colours: Black, Fawn, Red, Blue, Brown

German Shorthaired Pointer

german shorthaired pointer

The German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile hunting breed originally used for both land and water. Nowadays they are the go-to breed for people wanting an energetic, athletic yet family-friendly dog. The success of this is seen by the love owners show for their GSP.
Temperament: Affectionate, Bold, Intelligent, Trainable, Cooperative, Boisterous
Height: 58–64 cm
Weight: 25–32 kg
Colours: Liver, Black & White, Liver & White, Brown & White, Brown, Liver Roan

Golden Retriever

golden retriever

The Golden Retriever was bred as a gun dog to retrieve shot waterfowl such as ducks and upland game birds. Today it may be, for very good reason, the most popular large family dog in Adelaide. The mark of the Golden Retrievers temperament is that it is completely unsuited to being a guard dog.
Temperament: Intelligent, Friendly, Reliable, Confident, Trustworthy, Kind
Height: 56–61 cm
Weight: 30–34 kg
Colours: Cream, Dark Golden, Light Golden, Golden
Origin: United Kingdom, Scotland, England

Gordon Setter

gordon setter pair

The Gordon Setter is a large breed of gun dog originally bred for searching for game hidden in cover. The 4th Duke of Gordon (1743–1827), established his kennel of Black and Tan Setters at Gordon Castle in Scotland. Gordons today are a friendly, active and boisterous breed.
Temperament: Fearless, Loyal, Alert, Eager, Confident
Height: 61–69 cm
Weight: 25–36 kg
Origin: United Kingdom, Scotland
Colour: Black & Tan

Hungarian Vizsla

hungarian vizsla

The Hungarian Vizsla is the smallest of the all-round pointer-retriever breeds and functions as both a sporting dog and loyal companion. No trip to the dog park is complete without the sight of this finely built, golden dog gambolling happily. They resemble Weimaraners or German Shorthaired Pointers in build and coat.
Temperament: Affectionate, Loyal, Gentle, Energetic, Quiet
Height: 56–64 cm
Weight: 20–29 kg
Colours: Golden Rust, Red Golden, Golden

Irish Setter

irish setter

The Irish Setter is a deep chested dog with a small waist and spectacular flowing red hair. Their build has led them to be prone to gastric dilation, which prospective owners should learn how to avoid. Irish Setters get along well with children, other dogs, and will enthusiastically greet visitors.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Lively, Companionable, Energetic, Independent
Height: 58–67 cm
Weight: 27–32 kg
Colours: Mahogany, Red, Chestnut

Labrador Retriever

labrador retriever

The Labrador Retriever is a type of retriever-gun dog bred to have a strong affinity for water. The Labrador shares the honour with the Golden Retriever of being one of the most popular breeds of dog. While both are excellent family dogs, the Labrador is a much more excitable and boisterous breed.
Origin: Newfoundland
Temperament: Outgoing, Intelligent, Agile, Gentle, Trusting, Even Tempered, Kind
Height: 57–62 cm
Weight: 29–36 kg
Colours: Black, Chocolate, Yellow

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever


The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, or ’Toller’ is a smaller retriever with a collie-like appearance. ‘Tolling’ refers to an implausible method of hunting where dogs are used as lures to attract waterfowl! It is a new breed to Adelaide, of which we now have quite a few on our books. Tollers are active dogs that suit a family able to offer plenty of exercise.
Origin: Canada
Temperament: Outgoing, Intelligent, Busy, Agile, Even Tempered, Affectionate
Height: 45–48 cm
Weight: 16–22 kg
Colours: Red (various shades)


english pointer

The Pointer, often called the English Pointer, is a medium to large-sized breed of dog developed in England as a gun dog. It is one of several pointing breeds. Pointers are even-tempered, congenial dogs, and despite their large size, make good house pets so long as they get sufficient exercise.
Temperament: Even Tempered, Affectionate, Loyal, Amiable, Active, Kind
Height: 56–70 cm
Weight: 18–34 kg
Colours: Black, Liver, Lemon & White, Black & White, Liver & White, Orange & White

Springer Spaniel

springer spaniel

The Springer Spaniel is a gun dog much like a large Cocker Spaniel traditionally used for flushing and retrieving game. It is an affectionate, excitable breed. There are actually two breeds: the English (black or liver-coloured markings) and Welsh (reddish markings).
Temperament: Affectionate, Intelligent, Cheerful, Alert, Active, Attentive
Weight: 20–25 kg
Height: 48–56 cm
Colours: Tri-colour, Lemon & White, Black & White, Liver & White, Red & White, Orange & White


weimaraner dog

The Weimaraner was originally bred by German royalty for hunting large game such as boar, bear, and deer. They have a unique blue-grey or silver-grey smooth coat and a regal stance. Weimaraners need considerable exercise and may not be suited to living with cats or other pets.
Temperament: Intelligent, Energetic, Aloof, Alert, Steady, Fast, Powerful
Height: 62–67 cm
Weight: 30–40 kg
Colours: Mouse-grey, Silver, Silver-grey

Working Dogs

Australian Cattle Dog

heeler cattle dog

The Australian Cattle Dog, or simply Cattle Dog, is a breed of herding dog originally developed in Australia for droving cattle over long distances across rough terrain. Here in South Australia, we call them Blue or Red Heelers. They are a clever, loyal breed who are happiest when being trained or worked.
Origin: Australia
Temperament: Obedient, Loyal, Protective, Energetic, Cautious, Brave
Height: 46–51 cm
Weight: 18–24 kg
Colours: Red, Blue

Australian Kelpie

kelpie dog

The Australian Kelpie, or simply Kelpie, is an Australian sheep dog successful at mustering and droving with little or no guidance. It is a medium-sized dog and comes in a variety of colours.
Origin: Australia
Coat: short double coat
Temperament: Loyal, Intelligent, Friendly, Energetic, Alert, Eager
Height: Male: 46–51 cm
Weight: 15-20kg
Colours: Chocolate, Black, Fawn, Black & Tan, Blue, Brown

Australian Shepherd

Australian Shepherd

The Australian Shepherd, often known simply as the “Aussie” in the US, is a medium-sized breed of dog that was, despite its name, developed on ranches in the Western United States. It shares many traits with the Border Collie but is probably more tolerant of children. Both breeds are very intelligent and do best when trained and exercised regularly. Read here about the MDR-1 mutation.
Origin: United States of America
Temperament: Affectionate, Intelligent, Protective, Good-natured, Active
Height: 51–58 cm
Weight: 20-25 kg
Colours: Merle, Black, Red Merle, Black tricolour, Red tricolour, Blue Merle, Red

Bearded Collie

bearded collie

The Bearded Collie, or Beardie, is a herding breed of dog once used primarily by Scottish shepherds, but now mostly a popular family companion. The coat is spectacular but requires a lot of care if kept long. Many Adelaide owners choose to keep the coat clipped short for practical reasons.
Temperament: Self-confidence, Lively, Intelligent, Alert, Active, Hardy
Height: 53–56 cm
Weight: 18–27 kg
Colours: Black, Fawn, Tri-colour, Blue, Brown, Black & Brown

Belgian Shepherd

Belgian Shepherd

The Belgian Shepherd is a breed of medium-to-large-sized herding dog. Four types have been identified by various registries as separate breeds or varieties: Groenendael, Laekenois, Tervuren, and Malinois. They are loyal, intelligent, fun, highly trainable and are used as working dogs by many armed services.
Origin: Belgium
Higher classification: Dog
Height: 61 – 66 cm
Weight: 25 – 30 kg

Border Collie

border collie

The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region for herding livestock, especially sheep. It was specifically bred for intelligence and obedience. Border Collies should be sold with a warning label that says: only suitable for owners willing and able to provide sufficient exercise to prevent boredom.
Temperament: Intelligent, Responsive, Energetic, Tenacious, Alert
Height: 48–56 cm
Weight: 14–20 kg
Origin: United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland
Colours: Black, Blue, Lilac, White, Brindle, Red Merle, Chocolate, Sable, Liver, Blue Merle, Sable Merle, Red, Gold


briard dog

The Briard is an ancient breed of large herding dog, originally from France. They are rugged and agile, with a long high-maintenance coat and unusually have double dewclaws on each rear leg. The Briard’s modern-day roles include both herding and protective duties, as well as being a companion dog.
Origin: France
Temperament: Obedient, Fearless, Loyal, Intelligent, Protective, Faithful
Weight: 27–41 kg
Height: 58–69 cm


merle coolie

The Coolie also known as the Australian Koolie or by the misnomer German Koolie is an Australian dog breed.
Temperament: Loyal, Intelligent, Trainable, Friendly, Patient, Active, Dedicated, Fun-loving, Diligent, Temperate
Height: 40 – 60 cm
Weight: 20kg
Origin: Australia
Colours: Chocolate, Black, Merle, Red Merle, Blue Merle, Tri-colour, Red, Tri Merle, Black merle

German Shepherd

german shepherd dog

German Shepherds are working dogs developed originally for herding sheep. Since that time, however, because of their strength, intelligence, trainability, and obedience, German Shepherds have become the preferred breed for many types of work, including disability assistance, search-and-rescue, police and military roles, and even acting.
Origin: Germany
Temperament: Obedient, Loyal, Intelligent, Courageous, Watchful, Curious, Alert, Confident
Height: 60–65 cm
Weight: 30–40 kg
Colours: Black, Black & Tan, Black & Silver, Red & Black, Grey, Sable

Maremma Sheepdog

maremma sheepdog

The Maremma Sheepdog is a breed of livestock guardian dog indigenous to central Italy, particularly to Abruzzo and the Maremma region of Tuscany and Lazio. It has been used for centuries by Italian shepherds to guard sheep against wolves and is now famous in Australia for being used to also guard threatened wildlife populations. Maremmas can therefore be very independent but still require time with their owners.
Temperament: Loyal, Intelligent, Determined, Friendly, Alert, Dignified
Height: 65–73 cm
Weight: 35–45 kg
Origin: Italy
Colours: Black, White, Cream, Brown, Grey

Old English Sheepdog

old english sheepdog

The Old English Sheepdog is a large herding breed known for its very long coat, with fur covering the face and eyes. It is similar to the Bearded Collie, with which it shares ancestry. The spectacular appearance of OESDs is only maintained by frequent grooming, many we see are kept shorn for practical reasons.
Origin: England
Temperament: Playful, Intelligent, Adaptable, Loving, Sociable, Bubbly
Height: 56–61 cm
Weight: 32–45 kg

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

polish lowland sheepdog

The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is a medium-sized, shaggy-coated, sheepdog breed native to Poland. It resembles a smaller Old English Sheepdog or Bearded Collie.
Temperament: Self-confident, Lively, Intelligent, Agile, Even Tempered, Perceptive
Height: Male: 18–20 inches (45–50 cm), Female: 17–19 inches (42–47 cm)
Weight: 16–21 kg
Colours: Black, Tricolour, Black & White, Brown, Grey, Beige

Rough Collie

rough collie

Used for herding in Scotland, the Rough Collie achieved fame as Lassie, the only dog to have a star on the Hollywood Walk Of Fame. They are a quiet, even shy dog but are just as playful and outgoing if socialised. The Rough Collies luxurious coat requires some brushing or can be clipped off for summer without any problems. Read here about the MDR-1 mutation.
Temperament: Loyal, Intelligent, Protective, Gentle, Friendly, Active
Height: 56–61 cm
Weight: 20–29 kg
Origin: United Kingdom, Scotland
Colours: White, Sable & White, Sable Merle, Blue Merle, Tri-colour, Sable

Shetland Sheepdog

Shetland Sheepdog Sheltie

The Shetland Sheepdog, also known as the Sheltie, is a breed of herding dog. This small dog is intelligent, excitable, energetic and willing to please. They resemble a small Rough Collie but are only distantly related.
Origin: Scotland
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Lively, Loyal, Intelligent, Responsive, Reserved, Trainable, Gentle, Alert, Active, Strong
Height: 33–41 cm
Weight: 6.4–12 kg
Colours: Merle, Black & White, Sable & White, Black & Tan, Blue Merle, Tri-colour, Sable

Swedish Vallhund

swedish vallhund

The Swedish Vallhund was originally bred as a drover and herder of cows in harsh Scandinavian conditions. Often mistaken for a fluffy Corgi, it also has a similar happy personality. Like most thickly coated breeds, Vallhunds need protection from Australian summers.
Temperament: Fearless, Intelligent, Friendly, Energetic, Watchful, Alert
Height: 32–34 cm
Weight: 9–14 kg
Colours: Mahogany, Blue, Greyish Yellow, Grey, Greyish Brown

Welsh Corgi

welsh corgi

The Welsh Corgi is one of the smallest cattle herding dog breeds. There are two breeds known as a Welsh Corgi: the Pembroke and the Cardigan. Corgis are famous for being owned by Queen Elizabeth II and are generally a charming and inquisitive breed.
Temperament: Playful, Bold, Outgoing, Protective, Friendly, Tenacious
Height: 25–30 cm
Weight: 10–14 kg
Colours: Fawn, Black & Tan, Black & White, Red, Blue, Sable
Origin: Wales, United Kingdom

White Shepherd

swiss white shepherd

The White Shepherd emerged from white-coat lines of the German Shepherd dog in Canada and the United States and from European imports. The White Shepherd breed was officially recognised by the United Kennel Club in 1999. It has the same origins as the White Swiss Shepherd (Berger Blanc Suisse. White Shepherds have an overall more square and upright look and lighter frame as compared to the show lines of German Shepherds
Origin: Switzerland
Temperament: Lively, Aloof, Attentive
Height: 60–66 cm
Weight: 30–40 kg

Short-nosed Breeds

American Bulldog

american bulldog

The American Bulldog is larger and more athletic breed than the English Bulldog, and in fact the two breeds are completely different. Both breeds are happy and playful but the American Bulldog is much stronger and more boisterous. Its longer nose may also reduce the incidence of airway and heat stress problems.
Origin: United States of America
Temperament: Loyal, Assertive, Gentle, Friendly, Energetic, Confident
Height: 50–71 cm
Weight: 30–58 kg
Colours: White, Brindle, Fawn, Red, Brown

Boston Terrier

boston terrier

The Boston Terrier originates in the United States but is not a true terrier. This “American Gentleman” was originally bred for fighting and vermin control but is now a small, gentle companion dog. Like all brachycephalic breeds, they are prone to heat stress and eye and upper airway problems.
Temperament: Lively, Intelligent, Friendly
Height: 38 – 43 cm (At the withers)
Weight: 4.5 – 11 kg
Colours: Brindle & White, Black & White, Brown & White, Seal & White


boxer dog

The Boxer is a medium-sized, short-haired breed of dog, developed in Germany. They have a distinctive short face but are not affected by brachycephalic diseases to the same degree as bulldogs and pugs. Boxers are a bright, energetic and playful breed and tend to be very good with children.
Temperament: Devoted, Playful, Fearless, Loyal, Intelligent, Friendly, Energetic, Cheerful, Bright, Confident, Calm, Brave
Origin: Germany, Munich
Height: 57–63 cm
Weight: 27–32 kg
Colours: Brindle, Fawn, White


english bulldog

The Bulldog is a medium-sized breed of dog commonly referred to as the English Bulldog or British Bulldog. The Bulldog is a muscular, hefty dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose. They commonly develop joint problems and, like most brachycephalic breeds are prone to heat stress and upper airway problems.
Temperament: Docile, Wilful, Friendly, Gregarious
Height: 31–40 cm
Weight: 20–25 kg
Origin: England, United Kingdom
Colours: White, Fawn, Piebald, Brindle & White, Red, Red & White, Red Brindle, Fawn & White

French Bulldog

french bulldog

The French Bulldog, also known as the Frenchy, is the result of a cross between bulldog ancestors imported from England and local ratters in Paris. It is undergoing a surge in popularity, especially among first-time dog owners. If bred ethically and chosen carefully, French Bulldogs can be an excellent and healthy family pet.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Lively, Keen, Athletic, Alert, Bright, Sociable, Easygoing, Patient
Weight: 10-12kg
Colours: Brindle, White, Fawn, Tan, Brindle & White, Black Brindle, Cream
Origin: France, England


pug dog

The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and curled tail. The breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colours, most often fawn or black, and a compact square body with well-developed muscles. Pugs should be a slim and healthy breed but many (like in the photo) are shown in an overweight state.
Origin: China
Temperament: Playful, Stubborn, Docile, Charming, Quiet, Sociable, Attentive, Clever
Height: 30cm
Weight: 6-8 kg
Colours: Fawn, Black, Apricot, Silver Fawn


shar pei

The Chinese Shar-Pei is a breed of dog known for its distinctive features of deep wrinkles and a blue-black tongue. The breed originates from China. It’s unfair to put them in this group as they really exist all on their own.
Temperament: Affectionate, Devoted, Reserved, Loving, Independent
Height: 46–51 cm
Weight: 20–30 kg
Colours: Black, Fawn, Cream, Red, Sand, Lilac

Low-shedding Breeds

You can find more low-shedding dogs in the other sections.

Black Russian Terrier

Black Russian

Only in 2018 have we met our first member of this handsome and charming breed. BRTs were developed in Russia after the second world war and only appeared in numbers elsewhere after the end of the cold war. While bred partly from the Airedale terrier, BRTs resemble more a Briard, Newfoundland or Bouvier in size and coat.
Temperament: Playful, Confident, Loyal, Friendly, Energetic, Sociable
Weight: 45-68 kg


cavapoo or cavoodle

The Cavoodle is the offspring of a Poodle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, though now considered by many a breed in itself. If bred ethically, they can be an excellent and healthy family pet. The Cavoodle (called Cavapoo in the USA and UK) became especially popular through crossbreeding programs in Australia in the late 1990s.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Loyal, Friendly, Good-natured, Sociable
Weight: 6-8 kg



The Labradoodle is a crossbred dog created from the Labrador Retriever and the Standard, Miniature or Toy Poodle. Not all Labradoodles are hypoallergenic and they can exist in hair, fleece or wool-type coats. If bred ethically, they can be an excellent and healthy family pet.
Origin: Australia
Weight: 25 kg

Lagotto Romagnolo

lagotto romagnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo is a breed of dog that comes from the Romagna sub-region of Italy. The name means lake dog from Romagna, originating from the Italian word lago, meaning lake. Its traditional function is a gundog, specifically a water retriever. However, it is often used to hunt for truffles.
Temperament: Companionable, Loyal, Trainable, Keen, Loving, Active
Height: 43–48 cm
Weight: 13–16 kg
Colours: Brown Roan, Brown & White, Brown, Orange & White, Off-White, Orange

Lhasa Apso

lhasa apso

The Lhasa Apso was bred as an interior sentinel in Tibetan Buddhist monasteries, to alert the monks to any intruders who entered. This may explain why, despite being very friendly, they are more independent than most lap dogs. The picture shows a Lhasa clipped for practical, not show purposes.
Coat: Long, dense
Temperament: Playful, Devoted, Obedient, Lively, Intelligent, Assertive, Friendly, Energetic, Spirited, Alert, Steady
Weight: 6–8 kg

Miniature Poodle

miniature poodle

The Miniature Poodle may descend from either the old French Barbet breed or from Germany as a type of water dog. Unsurprisingly, they are one of the most popular dogs in France. Miniature Poodles are intelligent and loving companions who seem to be happy just being with their owners.
Temperament: Intelligent, Trainable, Faithful, Instinctual, Alert, Active
Height: 28 – 36 cm
Weight: 7-9 kg
Colours: Apricot, Black, White, Black & Tan, Cream, Black & White, Red, Silver, Blue, Brown, Grey, Sable
Origin: Germany, France


maltese dog

The Moodle (Maltipoo in the US and UK) is a cross-breed/hybrid dog obtained by breeding a Maltese and a toy or Miniature Poodle. Both original breeds have a soft, non-shedding coat.
Temperament: Outgoing, Intelligent, Loving, Friendly, Quiet
Height: 25 cm
Weight: 5.4 – 8 kg

Portuguese Water Dog

portuguese water dog

Portuguese Water Dogs are originally from the Algarve region of Portugal, where they were associated with fishermen. Their non-shedding qualities have made them more popular in recent years. The Portuguese Water Dog has recently gained more fame by being the chosen breed of U.S. president Barack Obama,
Temperament: Obedient, Docile, Intelligent, Impetuous, Brave
Height: 50–57 cm
Weight: 19–27 kg
Colours: Black, White, Black & White, Brown & White, Brown


hungarian puli

The Puli is a small-medium breed of Hungarian herding and livestock guarding dog known for its long, corded coat (the picture is how we often see them though). The tight curls of the coat appear similar to dreadlocks. A similar-looking, but much larger breed – also Hungarian – is the Komondor.
Temperament: Obedient, Loyal, Intelligent, Agile, Faithful, Energetic
Height: 39–45 cm
Weight: 13–15 kg
Colours: Black, White, Brindle, Cream, Silver, Brown


schnauzer poodle cross

A Schnoodle is a cross between a schnauzer and a poodle. Schnoodle is a portmanteau word combining the two breed names. Crossing with a poodle creates a soft, non-shedding coat.
Temperament: Devoted, Obedient, Strong Willed, Intelligent, Protective, Loving, Active, Clever
Weight: 3.2 – 7.3 kg

Shih Tzu

shi tzu dog

The Shih Tzu is an affectionate, sturdy little dog with a short muzzle, often undershot jaw and large dark eyes. They are generally kept clipped short for practical purposes although the coat is spectacular when well-cared for. Shih Tzu comes from the Chinese for lion which in no way describes their strong love for humans.
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Lively, Outgoing, Loyal
Height: 20 – 28 cm
Weight: 4 – 7.2 kg
Colours: Black, White, Brindle, Liver, Black & White, Liver & White, Blue, Dark Brown, Gold, Light Brown


Spoodle or Cockapoo

A Spoodle (or Cockapoo in the UK and US) is the cross between a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle bred specifically for its pet qualities. Crossing with a poodle creates a soft, non-shedding coat that requires regular clipping. Spoodles are livelier dogs than Cavoodles suitable for more active families.
Temperament: Outgoing, Intelligent, Loving, Friendly, Active
Height: 25 – 38 cm
Weight: 5.4 – 12 kg

Standard Poodle

standard poodle

The Standard Poodle is a large and intelligent dog breed used in many dog sports and activities, including agility, obedience, performing and assistance. Like their smaller cousins, they require frequent clipping to maintain their coat but are of quieter temperament. The (frankly ridiculous) show clip is never seen in pet dogs, whose owners opt for an all-over lamb cut.
Temperament: Intelligent, Trainable, Faithful, Instinctual, Alert, Active
Height: 46 – 61 cm,
Weight: 23-26 kg
Colours: Apricot, Black, White, Black & Tan, Cream, Black & White, Red, Silver, Blue, Brown, Grey, Sable
Origin: Germany, France

Tibetan Terrier

tibetan terrier

Despite its name, the Tibetan Terrier is not a member of the terrier group. It is a lively and active small dog with an impossibly cute shaggy coat. The hair of Tibetan Terriers grows quite long and will require occasional trimming to keep it tidy.
Temperament: Affectionate, Reserved, Amiable, Gentle, Energetic, Sensitive
Height: 35 – 41 cm
Weight: 8 – 14 kg
Colours: Black, White, Piebald, Brindle, Tri-colour, Golden, Grey

Toy Poodle

toy poodle

The Toy Poodle was developed in England in the 18th century from its larger Poodle ancestors. It has remained a popular and valued companion dog ever since. Toy Poodles are much more lively and active than the other Poodles.
Temperament: Intelligent, Trainable, Faithful, Instinctual, Alert, Active
Height: 24 – 28 cm
Weight: 3-5 kg
Colours: Apricot, Black, White, Black & Tan, Cream, Black & White, Red, Silver, Blue, Brown, Grey, Sable
Origin: Germany, France